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smile King Dutugemunu - The Greatest King in Srilanka (With Pics) - 01-24-2010, 09:07 AM

Dutthagamani of Sri Lanka



Dutugamunu Statue situated in Ruwanveliseya

Sinhalese king of Sri Lanka who reigned from 161 BC to 137 BC. He is renowned for defeating and overthrowing the usurping Tamil king of Anuradhapura, Elara of India, expanding and beautifying the city, and projecting the power of his native Rajarata region across the island of Sri Lanka.
Due to his significance as one of the most potent symbol of Sinhalese historical power, Dutugemunu's story is swathed in myth and legend. However, many aspects of the accounts of his life have been verified by contemporary inscriptions, and the basic account of his life is generally accepted as accurate.



Ancestry and Family


King Kavantissa - Father


Viharamaha Devi - Mother

The Mahavamsa constitutes the major source on Dutugemunu's reign and dedicates some six chapters (out of 35) to his tale. In chapter 22 he is described as being descended from the ancient royal family of Rajarata through Devanampiyatissa's brother Mahanaga. At the time of his birth Dutugemunu's father was Kavantissa, king of Ruhuna, a small kingdom in south-east Sri Lanka outside of the influence of Rajarata in the north; the border between the two polities was the Mahaganga, or 'Great River', possibly the modern Menik Ganga. Kavantissa is portrayed in the Mahamvamsa as 'devoutly believing in the three gems, [and] he provided the brotherhood continually with...needful things
Dutugemunu's mother was Viharamahadevi, daughter of Tissa, king of Kalyani. Legend has it that as punishment for Tissa slaying a Buddhist monk, Kalyani had been subject to a series of deluges from the sea. To placate it Tissa placed his daughter Devi in a golden boat with the words 'A King's Daughter' written on the side, and set her out to sea. Miraculously the princess washed ashore, alive and well, in Ruhuna, and married Kavantissa.
During her pregnancy with Dutugemunu, Viharamahadevi had a series of peculiar cravings, including the urge to sleep on a pillow made of honeycombs. In particular her urge to drink the water used to wash a sword that had cleaved the head of a warrior of Elara, whilst standing on that same head, raised the interest of the soothsayers at court, who predicted that 'The queen's son, when he has vanquished the Damilas (Tamil invaders) and built up a united kingdom, will make the doctrine to shine forth brightly. Viharamahadevi gave birth to a son named Gamani Abhaya some time later, and after that to another child, a boy named Tissa.
Around the time of Gamani's birth, 'an elephant of the six-tusked race brought his young one thither and left him here and went his way,Named Kandula, he went on to become Gamani's mount and accompanied him through much of the prince's adventures

The Battle in the Palace and Early Reign



Flag Of Duthtugamunu

By the age of 16 Gamani was 'vigorous, renowned, intelligent and a hero in majesty and might, if a little wayward. Determined to expel the invading king of Rajarata Gamani, levied an army from around Rohana and declared his intention to regain the north to his father. The king forbade this stating that 'the land on this side of the river is enough; the resulting exchange between father and son saw Gamani being dubbed 'Duttha Gamani', his friends fleeing to Malaya, and he himself being incarcerated in a royal prison.
Kavantissa is known as a brilliant strategist who recognised early that he needed to make his kingdom powerful before waging a war against the invaders. He assembled armies and gave made his kingdom prosperous in "rice and betel leaf" - this meaning that the people had a lot of agricultural surplus. The legendary ten "great giants" - men who had great strength - are brought into the army at this time. Kavantissa repeatedly makes Dutugemunu and Tissa swear that they would never fight one another and that they would always respect and listen to the advice of the priests. He also makes the ten giants swear never to pick sides in a war between the brothers.
Upon Kavantissa's death, Dutugemunu found himself having to defend his crown against his younger brother Tissa, who had seized possession of not only the elephant Kandula, but the dowager queen Viharamahadevi as well. The war between the two began with a defeat for Dutugemunu at Culanganiyapitthi, where 'many thousands of the king's (Dutugemunu's) men' perished. Dutugemunu was forced to flee back to Mahagama where he levied another army and engaged Tissa in yet another battle in the vicinity of the city. Legend has it that as Tissa, fought his brother riding the royal elephant "Kandula" against Dutugemunu who rode a mare. Dutugemunu at one point made the mare jump over the elephant causing the elephant to recognise its master and attempt to kill Tissa who hastily dismounts via a tree. Dutugemunu was victorious and Tissa was smuggled off the battlefield disguised as the corpse of a monk. It is said that Dutugemunu recognised the ploy and called out to his brother "Are you not ashamed to be carried on the back of these priests?" Some time afterwards, however, Dutugemunu and Tissa were reconciled through the efforts of Viharamahadevi and the monks, and Tissa became one of the king's foremost generals.

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01-24-2010, 09:13 AM

Ten Giant Warriors


Nandimithra
Nandhimitra perhaps the most well known of the ten giant warriors, was the nephew of Mitta, a well known strong great general in King Dutugemunu’s army – and was named after his uncle. As a young child Mitta was tied to a mill-stone to stop him from wandering off, but endowed with great strength the young boy was able to drag the heavy mill-stone behind him – thus earning the name Nandhimitra. The Mahăvamsa narrative suggests Nandhimitra had subsequently travelled to Rohana to serve a king who worshipped the noble triple gem (Mahăvamsa, chapter 23, verse 4-15)– a supposition that has been questioned by scholars, who argued Elera himself, despite his Tamil heritage, had been a patron of the Buddhist temples (De Silva , 2005).

Suranimala

According to the Mahăvamsa (chapter 23, verse 16-44) Nimala was the seventh son of a village headman named Samgha, in the village of Khandakavitthika in the Kotthivala district. As a young man Nimala was sent to the service of prince Dighabaya – King Kavavannatissa’s son from a lesser queen. Dighabaya who was in charge of Kacchakatittha send Nimala on an errand to a Brahman named Kundali, who lived near the Cetiya mountain in the Dvaramandala village. Nimala marched the great distance of more than eighteen yojanas form Kacchakatittha to Dvaramandala, then from there to Anuradhapura to bath in the Tissa tank and back to his master the prince at Kacchakatittha, fetching the precious punnavaddhana garments gifted by the Brahmin, in just one day. Nimala was thus named Sura-nimala.

Mahasona

According to the Mahăvamsa (chapter 23, verse 45-48) the giant warrior Mahasona was born, the eighth son of Tissa, in the village of Hundarivăpi in the Kulumbari district. At the age of ten the young boy, then named Sona is said to have been strong enough to up-root ‘great palm-trees’, and in time gain the strength of ten elephants.

Gotayimbara

According to the Mahăvamsa (chapter 23, verse 49-54) Gothaimbara was born, the seventh son of Mahanaga, in the village of Nitthulavitthika in the Giri region. The chronicle says the young boy, Gothaka, named for his ‘dwarfish’ stature had single-handedly torn up a forest of Imbara trees and leveled the ground, thus earning the name Gotha-imbara.
Image:Gota.jpg|Caption1

Theraputthabhya

Born the son of a householder named Rohana, the headman of the village Kitti near the Kota mountain, Gothabhaya as a child of ten or twelve, was able to throw rocks that could only be lifted by four or five grown men. Gothabhaya’s father Rohana, was supporter of the thera (buddhist monk) Mahasumma, and on hearing a discourse of the thera at the pabbata-vihara, attained the first stage of enlightenment – sothapanna. Rohana subsequently ordained as a monk and in time an arahath – thus Gothabhaya became known as Thera-putt-abhya, abalya the son (putta) of the Thera (Mahăvamsa, chapter 23, verse 55-63).

Mahabharana

According to the Mahăvamsa (chapter 23, verse 64-67) Bharana was born in the village of Kappakandara, to a man named Kumara. As a young boy of ten or twelve Bharana was said to be able to chase after hares in the forest and crush them under his feet, and later aged sixteen he was said to out run and hunt antelope, elk and boar, thus being recognized great warrior.

Velusamanna

The warrior Velusamanna was born the son of a house holder named Vasabha, in the Kutumbiyangana in the Giri district, and was named after his friends Vela and Sumana – who was the governor of Giri. Young Velusamanna was able to ride a Sindhu (Saindhava – form the Indus country) horse belonging to the governor, a beast that would not let any man ride him. Velusamanna not only broke the beast but galloped in circles so fast that he made it appear a chain of riders (Mahăvamsa, chapter 23, verse 68-77).

Khanjadeva

According to the Mahăvamsa (chapter 23, verse 78-81), he was born Deva, the youngest son of Abhaya of the Mahisadonika village in the Nakulanaga district. He was later dubbed Khanjadeva as he limped a little. The young man was able to chase great buffaloes, grasp them by their legs, whirl them over his head and dash them on the ground.

Phussadeva

According to the Mahăvamsa (chapter 23, verse 82-89) Phussadeva was born the son of Uppala in a village named Gavita near the Cittalapabbata temple. As a young boy visiting the temple Phussadeva is said to have been able to blow conch shells so loud they sounded like thunder, thus being named Ummadaphussadeva. Subsequently Phussadeva became a renowned archer who never missed his mark.

Labhiyavasabha

Vasabha was born, the son of the house holder Matta, in the village of Viharavapi, near the Tuladhara mountain, and was named Labhiyavasabha – vasabha the gifted, on account of his noble physique. At the age of twenty it is said Vasabha had single-handedly moved such masses of earth that could only be moved by a dozen men to build the Vasabha tank with relative ease (Mahăvamsa, chapter 23, verse 90-95).





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01-24-2010, 09:16 AM


Todays
Vihara Maha Dewi
is Mahinda
who managed politics.

Todays
Dutugemunu is Sarath Fonseka
who won the war.








Last edited by AtulaSiriwardane; 01-24-2010 at 09:18 AM.
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01-24-2010, 09:19 AM

Reign and Construction Work


Aside from his many construction projects Dutugemunu's reign is memorable for his estrangement from his son, Saliya or Salirajakumara. The Prince fell in love with a girl called Agokamaladevi or Asokamala; unfortunately for all concerned she was of the Scavenger caste, one of the lowest castes in Sinhalese society. Saliya refused to give her up and rejected the throne. Though the Mahavamsa mentions no reconciliation, folk stories have the young couple eventually restored to the king's good graces.
The king's reign also saw extensive contact between Sri Lanka and traders from the west, including Arabs, Persians, and possibly Romans
Following his consolidation of his position Dutugemunu began a series of huge construction projects, many of which still survive in Anuradhapura today. As with nearly everything in Dutugemunu's life, each foundation comes with its own legend, many of which reveal the preoccupations and inclinations of ancient Sinhalese society.
The first foundation mentioned in the Mahavamsa is the Maricavatti vihara, the modern Mirisavetiya. Legend has it that travelling to the shore of the Tank of Tissa with the 'women of the harem' for a water-festival, Dutugemunu planted his spear (which contained a sacred relic) in the soft ground. When preparing to return to the palace, he found that neither he, nor anyone in his retinue, could pull it out. Taking this as a sign he ordered the construction of a stupa over the spear.
Dutugemunu also ordered the construction of the Lohapasada, or Brazen Palace, a nine-story chapter house for monks, which derived its name from its bright copper-tiled roof. Again, legend has it that the design for the palace was based on a building seen in one of the heavens by a group of monks, who drew the design with 'red arsenic on linen' and dispatched it to the king.
Perhaps his most famous creation was the Ruwanweliseya, also known as the Great Stupa or and Swarnamalee Chetiya, to house the begging bowl of the Buddha. The construction was started on the full moon day of the month of Vesak (traditionally the date of the birth, enlightenment, and passing away of the Buddha) with the creation of a foundation of crushed rock. To hammer the stones into place elephants were used with their feet bound in leather. Dutugemunu is said to have overseen the work personally, being present at the construction of the relic chamber and the interring of the bowl itself. The dedication of a stupa is described in Chap. 29 of the Mahavamsa, which lists the visit of delegations from various parts of India, as well as a delegation of 30,000 monks from Alexandria of the Caucasus, led by the Indo-Greek monk Mahadharmaraksita.




Mirisawatiya













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01-24-2010, 09:20 AM

Maxxa POst
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01-24-2010, 09:23 AM

good post machng
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01-24-2010, 09:23 AM

Maxxa post eka bro..
Rep added....
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01-24-2010, 09:23 AM

Ruwanweliseya
















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01-24-2010, 09:32 AM

Lovamahapaya











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