ඕක ලොකු වැඩක් ද බන් රෙද්ද කොඩිත් අරන් ගිහින් ගොබ්බ සින්ඝලු ..මමත් ගිහින් තියනවා යකෝ කේලාශ් ගැන කියනවා නම් එකට නගින්න බැරි එකේ පිහිටීම නිසා නගිනවානම් dril කරලා කේබල් දාන්න ඕනේ අනික පට්ට විදිහට හිම කුණාටු තියනවා සර්පා ලත් එන්නේ නැ ..පිටින් යන කෙනෙක්ට ඕක නගින්න බැ ලෝකල් උන් නගින්නේ නැ ආගමික හේතු නිසා ..ඕක පාමුලට යන්න පුලුහන් මම නම් ගිහින් නැ ..බුද්දාගමේ මහා මේරු පර්වතය කියන්නේ ඕක තමයිInteresting
Hoda sinhala documentary ekakuth dakka.
------ Post added on Mar 25, 2022 at 10:03 AM
ඕක ලොකු වැඩක් ද බන් රෙද්ද කොඩිත් අරන් ගිහින් ගොබ්බ සින්ඝලු ..මමත් ගිහින් තියනවා යකෝ කේලාශ් ගැන කියනවා නම් එකට නගින්න බැරි එකේ පිහිටීම නිසා නගිනවානම් dril කරලා කේබල් දාන්න ඕනේ අනික පට්ට විදිහට හිම කුණාටු තියනවා සර්පා ලත් එන්නේ නැ ..පිටින් යන කෙනෙක්ට ඕක නගින්න බැ ලෝකල් උන් නගින්නේ නැ ආගමික හේතු නිසා ..ඕක පාමුලට යන්න පුලුහන් මම නම් ගිහින් නැ ..බුද්දාගමේ මහා මේරු පර්වතය කියන්නේ ඕක තමයි
Definitely a hoax. He dissembled most of his alleged "spiritual development" while in reality the author was never even a native from the highlands- basically a caucasian tourist from the UK. Nothing more than fanfiction and gullible whites devoured his accounts and even started hippie pilgrim culture to Tibet for years to come.ලොබ් සම් රම්පා..
7 Years in Tibet, very good book based on true story
------ Post added on Mar 25, 2022 at 10:06 AM
I found this too.
The Nanda Devi mysteryThe face of Nanda Devi. Photographs courtesy Lt Nawang Kapadia Photo Library
Fifty years after deadly plutonium was lost on India's second highest mountain, the enigma continues
Leading an Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF) trekking team to the Nanda Devi Sanctuary in 2001, mountaineer and author Harish Kapadia thought it fit to build a small stone temple at the base camp, a place christened Chaubata.
The temple at Chaubata
The “excesses" in question relate to a story that is now 50 years old.
In October 1965, the US’ Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and India’s Intelligence Bureau (IB) joined hands in a clandestine mission to install a nuclear-powered sensing device on the summit of India’s second highest peak, also one of its most revered: the 25,643ft (around 7815m) Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand’s Garhwal Himalayas.
Three years after India’s defeat to China, at the height of the Cold War between the Western and Eastern Blocs, it was considered essential to keep a tab on China’s growing military might. In 1964, China had conducted its first nuclear tests in Xinjiang province. A remote sensing device atop Nanda Devi could keep track of any further tests.
Installing the device, however, meant carrying up equipment weighing around 56kg, including an 8-10ft-high antenna, two transceiver sets and the most vital component, a system for nuclear auxiliary power (SNAP) generator. The generator’s nuclear fuel, consisting of seven plutonium capsules, came in a special container.
On 18 October, when the team reached Camp IV, at over 24,000ft, a terrible blizzard and severe cold conditions forced a rethink. Team leader Manmohan Singh Kohli, now 83, had to choose between men and machine: He chose to save the lives of his men; “many would have been killed," he says today.
Local villager Diwansingh Butolia (left) worked as a ration porter during the 1965 mission, though he wasn’t aware of the dangers
When they returned in May 1966, all the equipment—including the deadly stock of plutonium, which was “about half the size of the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima", says Kohli—was missing. It has never been found. Theories and fears abound, but nobody seems to know what happened.
The plutonium capsules, which according to Kohli’s and other estimates have a longevity of over a hundred years, could still be buried somewhere in the snow. One suggestion is that they were lost in an avalanche. The area has been virtually closed for decades. Barring a few exceptions, such as army or IMF sponsored expeditions, nobody is allowed to climb or explore Nanda Devi, purportedly for environmental reasons.
Kohli says a Hollywood film pivoted on the 1965 incident is being planned. The script is ready, he says, but refuses to give any details. Certainly, it can tap into the veil of intrigue and mystery that shrouds the beautiful mountain 50 years on.
“Considering that over 200 people were involved and it went on for three years, this was the 20th century’s greatest mountaineering-cum-espionage operation. It stretched the limits of human endurance," Kohli says. In the effort to install the surveillance device, and then retrieve it, nearly a dozen ascents were made from 1965-68 on Nanda Devi, described by climber Tenzing Norgay as among the most difficult Himalayan climbs.
Installation in progress during the first visit to Nanda Kot in 1967, with Nanda Devi in the background
Kohli’s 8th Indo-Tibetan Border Police Battalion was moved to Tapovan, near the Rishi Ganga banks, to continuously monitor the waters for radioactivity. It virtually became the Nanda Devi Battalion, says Kohli. The mountain and the surrounding Nanda Devi Sanctuary were closed to expeditions.
In 1967, the Americans, with the help of Kohli and other Indian climbers such as Sonam Wangyal, H.C.S. Rawat and G.S. Bhangu, successfully installed a second nuclear-powered listening device on the neighbouring peak, the 22,510ft Nanda Kot. it worked for the greater part of a year before developing a snag.
In his 2005 book, One More Step, Kohli details the scare when a team led by Rawat went to retrieve it from Nanda Kot in the summer of 1968.
“When the team reached the Dome (the Nanda Kot Dome where the device was installed), they were shocked to see no sign of the entire equipment. They dug a couple of feet and saw an amazing sight. There was a perfectly sound cave formed with the hot generator at the centre. With the continuous heat emitted from the generator, the snow had melted up to 8ft in all directions, creating the spherical cave!" He titled this chapter in the book “Cathedral In Ice".
It was only a decade later, in 1977, that news of the CIA-IB covert operation and the missing plutonium first broke in the international media, in the American magazine Outside. The national and international outrage was immediate. Then prime minister Morarji Desai had to admit to the mission in Parliament.
As the faulty Nanda Kot equipment had been carried away in 1968 in a helicopter by the Americans, he would also declare: “I would also like to assure the House that to our knowledge no other device of this kind exists on Indian soil."
In 1993, a team was permitted to carry out an environmental study at the Nanda Devi Sanctuary. Kohli, who was shown the samples collected from the site, found that they included “a round steel case which looked familiar". It was the case in which the seven radioactive plutonium capsules were carried. It is assumed that the ferocity of the elements prised away the steel protection.
A russian MI4 helicopter landing at the Nada Kot Base camp
The Nanda Devi call-up came soon after. At the time, though, says Kohli, he “didn’t know" about the wider ramifications of the nuclear-powered generator’s loss. “Only after it was lost and we heard that millions of Indians could die did the gravity of the situation dawn on us," he says on phone from New Delhi.
Spies In The Himalayas, a book on the Nanda Devi episode that he co-authored with Kenneth Conboy, has an anecdote that sums up the tense mood among intelligence circles after the disappearance. Following India’s Everest glory, 8 July 1966 was chosen as the day when the Everest team led by Kohli would be honoured with the Arjuna awards. But B.N. Mullik (along with R.N. Kao, the key intelligence man behind the Nanda Devi mission) wanted Kohli to leave immediately for Nanda Devi to assist in “Operation Recovery". “India faces an unparalleled national calamity. Forget the Arjuna!" declared Mullik.
Berry Corber and M.S. Kohli busy with the installation
Yet just last year, on the occasion of ITBP’s 53rd anniversary, Kohli wrote in a souvenir that the plutonium capsules could still be “ticking on the mountain somewhere".
The mystery continues to resonate. In a recent book, Becoming A Mountain: Himalayan Journeys In Search Of The Sacred And The Sublime, Stephen Alter, the Mussoorie-based author of 15 books, including a few on the Himalayas, describes the espionage episode as “Desecration". “By some accounts, several of the sherpas who carried plutonium up the mountain died of cancer caused by radiation". On email, Alter says, “There’s a lot of speculation and rumour surrounding those events, but it’s difficult to say exactly what happened."
Kapadia mentions one bit of speculation provoked by Hugh Thomson. In his 2004 book Nanda Devi: A Journey To The Last Sanctuary, Thomson writes that the CIA thought briefly that the Indians had stolen the device to kick-start their own nuclear programme.
Manmohan Singh Kohli. Photo: Pradeep Gaur/Mint
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